Brain stem death is when a person no longer has any brain stem functions and has permanently lost the potential for consciousness and the capacity to breathe.
When this happens, a ventilator keeps the person’s heart beating and oxygen circulating through their bloodstream.
A person is confirmed as being dead when their brain stem function is permanently lost.
Brain death can also occur as a result of:
-a severe head injury
-a brain haemorrhage
-infections, such as encephalitis
-a brain tumour
This is a very serious medical condition and must be referred to a medical professional.